Pigmentation refers to the coloration or discoloration of the skin, hair, or other tissues caused by the presence or absence of pigments. Pigments are responsible for the various shades and hues observed in different individuals. While pigmentation is a natural and essential aspect of human diversity, it can also be influenced by various factors, including genetics, environmental exposures, and certain medical conditions. Here are some common types of pigmentation:

Melanin Pigmentation:

Melanin is the primary pigment responsible for the color of our skin, hair, and eyes. It is produced by specialized cells called melanocytes. The amount and distribution of melanin determine our skin tone and color. Individuals with higher levels of melanin tend to have darker skin, while lower levels result in lighter skin tones. Melanin also plays a crucial role in protecting the skin from harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation.


Hyperpigmentation occurs when certain areas of the skin become darker than the surrounding skin. It is often caused by an overproduction of melanin due to factors such as sun exposure, hormonal changes (e.g., during pregnancy or with certain medical conditions), acne, or skin injuries. Common forms of hyperpigmentation include age spots, melasma (dark patches on the face), and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (darkening of the skin after inflammation or injury).


Hypopigmentation is the opposite of hyperpigmentation and refers to areas of the skin that are lighter in color compared to the surrounding skin. It can be caused by a decrease in melanin production, loss of melanocytes, or certain skin conditions such as vitiligo. Vitiligo is a chronic autoimmune condition where the immune system attacks and destroys melanocytes, resulting in white patches on the skin.


Albinism is a genetic condition characterized by a lack of melanin production. People with albinism often have very light or white skin, hair, and eye color. Albinism can also affect the development and function of the eyes, resulting in visual impairments or sensitivity to light.

Freckles and Birthmarks:

Freckles are small, concentrated areas of increased melanin production, often found on sun-exposed areas of the skin. They are commonly genetic and more common in fair-skinned individuals. Birthmarks, on the other hand, are colored spots or patches that are present at birth or appear shortly after. They can be pigmented or vascular in nature, caused by an overgrowth of blood vessels or melanocytes in a particular area.

Cancellation Policy

Biodermal Spa requires a minimum of 24 hours’ notice for cancellation or rescheduling of appointments.
Clients who fail to provide at least 24 hours’ notice may be subject to a fee amounting to 50% of the value of the scheduled treatment.
In the case of no-shows, clients will be responsible for a fee equal to 100% of the treatment value.